At Body Beautiful, we take pride in educating our patients with our Laser Treatment Definition Glossary. We realized our site is filled with words that may not be common for some. We have made a glossary (referral source) for you to utilize when you come across a word you may not know. Please take advantage of these educational before and after pictures/video and many other resources available on our site. If you have any question don’t hesitate to call 724 987 3221.
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Laser Treatment Definition Glossary
Ablation – Removal of material with energy via a laser that can evaporate, vaporize or melt.
Absorption – The act of the tissue absorbing the laser’s energy, causing a desired reaction within the tissue.
Acne – Skin condition in which sebum (oil) is overproduced and pores become clogged, creating inflamed pustules. Acne is treated frequently though photofacials (may be combined with Levulanic Acid),eMatrix Sublative, chemical peels, skin care products, and ultrasound facials.
Acne Discoloration – Legions on the face or body, usually brown or red, caused by picking or improper acne treatment.
Acne Light – Laser that is specifically used to eliminate acne at its source, deep inside the pore’s bacteria (may be referred to as Blue Light or Photofacial).
Acne Scars – Scars that appear as a result of acne healing. The four types of acne scarring include boxcar scars, ice pick scars, rolling scars, and hypertrophic scars. Scars are usually treated with 1540/1440 Fractional, eMatrix Sublative, chemical peels, skin care products, and microdermabrasion and deep cleansing facials.
Aesthetician or Esthetician – A trained and PA certified professional that is knowledgeable in the art and fields of beauty, exfoliations, general aesthetics, and cosmetics.
Age Spots – Brown spots (melanin) or blemishes that appear on the skin due to aging or sun damage. Melanin color may appear due to bodies natural healing response (such as cuts or scrapes)
Aiming Beam – Using a guided light (for a non-invasive laser, surgery or other purposes).
Alpha Hydroxy Acid – An organic acid containing a hydroxyl group bonded to the common atom adjacent to the carboxylic acid group. Common forms are glycolic, lactic and alpha hydroxy acid. They are used in skincare products because they penetrate very well and have been used for decades for skin rejuvenation.
Anatomical Parts of Hair – Bulb, bulge, follicle, vascular supply and hair shaft.
Angioma (cherry, spider) – Also known as “capillary hemangioma.” Can be a tumor composed of a mass of tiny blood vessels, red in color, usually 2-5 mm in size and can be raised or flat.
ANSI (American National Standards Institute) – Nationally recognized group who establishes and determines standards for equipment use and safety.
Anti-Aging Product – helps prevent the signs of aging by combating the hands of time in many forms, such as via creams, laser treatments, cosmetic injectables, and other aesthetic procedures.
Anti-androgenic: (medicines that inhibit hair growth) spironolactone, Euflex, Androcur, and Vaniqa cream. These medicines might slightly reduce the pigment in hair roots and make laser treatment less efficient. The effects of these medications are temporary.
Argon Laser – a Gas laser that uses argon ions for its active medium, emitting green/blue visible light.
Articulated Arm – Laser beam delivery piece that consists of mirrors and jointed arms.
Aversion Response – The eyelid (blinking) or head movement that avoids a stimulant such as bright light or moisture.
Becker’s Nevus – Type of birthmark, similar to cafe au lait, but usually larger and more scarce. It’s typically located on the shoulder area.
Bikini Line – area of pubic hair, usually that patients want to be removed, such as around the bathing suit or bikini area.
Birthmark – Concentrated blood vessels underneath the skin that form before birth. Body Beautiful treats most birthmarks including hemangiomas, congenital melanocytic nevus, port wine stains, Mongolian blue spots, cafe au lait, etc.
Birthmark Removal – Cosmetic treatment that effectively removes non-vascular birthmarks. For the best results, patients should receive 2-4 laser treatments.
Blackheads – Skin pores, usually on the face, that are clogged with dark debris.
Can usually be treated with Lamprobe, chemical peel, skincare products, extraction, microdermabrasion, ultrasound or deep cleansing facials.
Blink Reflex – See Aversion Response.
Body Sculpting: a cosmetic alternative to liposuction body sculpting uses technology such as Coolsculpting to freeze subcutaneous fat by pulling it away from the body, isolating it and cooling down to freeze it away.
Botox – A cosmetic treatment that involves an injectable made with botulinum toxin for cosmetic or medical benefits: sweat glands, age lines, crow’s feet, wrinkles, rejuvenation around patient’s eyes and forehead. The botox typically lasts 3 – 4 months.
Brazilian Hair Removal – A Brazilian laser treatment is comprised of the entire area of pubic hair. You can choose to leave a strip of hair or other desired areas if you want.
Broken Blood Vessels – Injured blood vessels that appear like blue-purple bruises and are typically seen on thin or aged skin. Broken blood vessels can be treated with lasers or sclerotherapy.
Broken Capillaries – Red/pink blood vessels beneath the skin’s surface that emerge when the capillary excessively widens, tearing the muscle. Can be treated with our laser treatments.
Cafe’au lait – Type of birthmark that appears at birth and is light brown to tan.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Laser – Gas laser which uses carbon dioxide as an active medium.
Cellulite Deposits – Fibrous, lumpy tissue that creates dimples in the skin, usually on the hips, thighs, and buttocks and usually on women.
Cellulite – Irregular, patchy distribution of fat below the skin’s surface that causes a staggered, rough or dimpled appearance. Cellulite is one of our most popular skin conditions that treat with Lipo, body contouring and IR wraps.
Chemical Peels – A skin treatment that uses acids to remove the damaged facial skin layers and improves the appearance of dry skin, wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, and acne.
Chloasma/melasma – Discoloration on the face, usually light to medium brown, that is usually a side effect of pregnancy (aka “mask of pregnancy”).
Chromophore – Primarily most lasers target melanin, Melanin, naturally occurs (actually gives our skin and hair color). Lasers for hair removal selectively target 1 of 3 chromophores: Two types of melanin in hair are pheomelanin (gives a blonde or red color to hair) or eumelanin (gives brown or black hair color) Carbon, can be introduced following waxing. Hemoglobin occurs naturally in our blood (gives red color).
Chronic Condition – Opposed to a short term condition, a chronic condition is a disease which extends for a longer amount of time.
Class of Lasers Defined – The laser board classifications based on safety and ability to treat patients. Class I-IV and IV are the most powerful laser classifications but can have the highest side effects.
Clinical Facials – Medical grade treatment for the face, usually performed by an esthetician.
Closed Installation – Any space that lasers cannot come in contact with during a laser treatment (eye protectors, pacemakers).
C02 Fractionated Laser – This laser is used for skin resurfacing to penetrate the skin and increase collagen production. It also helps to heal skin conditions including melasma, birthmarks, and wrinkles. More patients are preferring the Sublative treatments, due to less downtime.
Coherent – When every laser beam’s pulse is lined up.
Collagen – A protein in skin that creates elasticity and a youthful volume. As we age, the amount of collagen that our body produces significantly decreases, which causes wrinkles. Collagen can be increased through facial treatments, skin resurfacing and skin rejuvenation treatments.
Collagen Therapy – A therapeutic way of increasing collagen through facial treatments, skin resurfacing, skin rejuvenation treatments or injections of collagen underneath the skin to fill out wrinkles and lumps.
Complexion – A term that is used to describe the appearance of the skins color, texture and tone.
Congenital Nevi – These are brown/black moles present at birth and have an increased risk of Melanoma development. They’re typically found in the mouth, mucous membranes, arms, legs, palms or soles of the foot and can cover a very small space to an entire region of the body.
Congenital Vascular Malformation – A general term that’s used to describe a vascular lesion typically present at birth, such as hemangioma, port wine stains, and other venous malformations can be treated with 1064 laser.
Consultation – Meeting with a qualified technician, physician or doctor where treatments, procedures, goals and patient’s needs are discussed. Individually, the patient will be examined and matched with the best treatment option so their needs are met and questions are answered.
Continuous Mode – The duration of time that the laser is exposed to the patient, controlled by the hand or foot of the technician.
Controlled Area – Area on the skin where the laser’s energy is controlled.
CoolGlide – YAG Laser that’s used for Laser Hair Removal that can treat all complexions and skin types.
Cooling (as it pertains to treatments on the skin or Epidermis) – cooling allow for more fluences to be used and reduces your side-effects and pain. There are 4 versions of epidermal cooling most commonly used:
Air cooling method
Chilled gel (clear) on the skin or by applying a cold compress beforehand
Contact Cooling / Chilled Tip – through a window of chilled circulating water
Cryogen spritzer/spray – delivered immediately after a laser pulse
Corneal Shields – Protective shield that can be placed over the eyes during cosmetic treatments.
Crow’s Feet – Wrinkles around your eyes that are caused by strenuous smiling and/or squinting. Crow’s feet can be reduced and/or eliminated with Botox injections, facial rejuvenation treatments, laser skin resurfacing and skin care products.
CryoClear – An instrument used to remove skin tags, cherry angiomas, age spots, sun spots, etc. by freezing the lesion to promote smoother cosmetic appearance.
Crystal – Can be mined from the earth or rare imitations can be created synthetically (as they pertain to the laser industry). Sapphire – Ruby Red Laser & Nd Yag Laser are two crystalline materials used at the laser’s source.
Customized Facials – Combination of plant-based, all natural, topical ingredients that are applied to your face to treat skin conditions. Facials treat acne and are great for anti-aging, skin rejuvenation and moisturizing.
Day Spa – A facility that provides relaxing, pampering, exfoliation cosmetic services. Can be connected with medical spas, hotels, gyms, health clubs, etc. Services can last anywhere from one hour to an entire day.
DCD (Dynamic Cooling Device) – A cooling agent in the form of a cream or spray that is used on the skin before the laser treatment.
Delivery System – A method that technicians use to apply the laser’s energy to patients.
Depilatory Creams (Nair/Veet) – Chemicals that temporarily remove hair by dissolving it.
The depth of Focus – The distance from the laser to the skin.
Deep Pore Cleansing – A skin treatment that may include products to allow for a deeper concentration of pore cleansing and of the skin’s surface.
Deep Tissue Massage – A massage that focuses on the connective tissue by applying intense, slow pressure to deep muscle layers. Benefits include pain and stress-free relief can also improve posture and range of motion.
Dermatitis – Inflammation of the skin, can have several causes and appear in different forms such as red, itchy, rashes or swollen skin.
Dermis – The Dermis is the skin’s second layer beneath the epidermis, located above subcutaneous fat. The Dermis is comprised of hair follicles, collagen, sweat glands, lymph vessels, elastic fibers, blood vessels, and fibroblasts. It is responsible for the mechanical tightness of our skin and it is the place where our hair grows.
Destination Spa – Company that focuses exclusively on health enhancement, self-renewal, aesthetic and lifestyle improvements.
Detoxification (Aka “detox”) – A general term that describes unique treatments intended to cleanse the body of toxins, poisons or impurities.
Diode Laser (alexandrite crystal) – Lumenis lightsheer; also known as the “Cadillac” of hair reduction. It can also be used for age spots, brown spots or other blemishes. It’s the primary laser for hair removal for skin types 3 – 5.
Distance Gauge – The space in between the treatment site and the laser’s handpiece that provides correct focal distance for treatment.
Dysport – An injectable protein that’s made from Bacterium Clostridium Botulinum for wrinkle treatment. It relaxes fine lines and wrinkles on the forehead. Botox is also used for wrinkles and fine lines.