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Laser hair removal in the beauty salon.Glossary for Laser Hair Removal

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(medicines that inhibit hair growth) spironolactone, Euflex, Androcur and Vaniqa cream. These medicines might slightly reduce the pigment in hair roots and make laser treatment less efficient. The effects of these medications are temporary.

Bikini Line

This phrase describes the amount of pubic hair that you want removed around the outside or bottoms of your bathing suit or bikini.

Brazilian Hair Removal

A Brazilian laser treatment is comprised of the entire area of pubic hair. You can choose to leave a strip of hair if you want.

Care Credit

A form of credit payment, used often for cosmetic services.


Primary that most lasers target is melanin. Lasers for Hair removal selectively target 1 of 3 chromophores:

Melanin, naturally occurs (actually gives our skin and hair color). The two types of melanin in hair are pheomelanin (gives blonde or red color to hair) or eumelanin (gives brown or black hair color).

Carbon, can be introduced following waxing.

Hemoglobin occurs naturally in our blood (gives red color).

Cooling (as it pertains to the skin or Epidermas)

It creates more fluencies and reduces your side-effects and pain. There are 4 versions of epidermal cooling that can be used: Cryogen spray, Contact Cooling, Air Cooling and Clear Gel.

4 main types of cooling have been developed:

Air cooling method

Chilled gel (clear) on the skin or by applying a cold compress beforehand

Chilled Tip / Contact cooling – through a window of chilled circulating water

Cryogen spritzer/spray – delivered immediately after laser pulse


Can be mined from the earth or rarely imitations can be created synthetically. As they pertain to the laser industry. Sapphire – Ruby Red Laser & Nd Yag laser are two crystalline materials used a the lasers source.

Day Spa

A facility that provides relaxing, pampering, exfoliation cosmetic services. Can be connected with medical spas, hotels, gyms, health clubs, etc. Services can last anywhere from one hour to an entire day.

Depilatory Creams (Nair/Veet)

Chemicals that temporarily remove hair by dissolving.


The Dermis is the skin’s second layer beneath the epidermis, located above subcutaneous fat. The Dermis is comprised of hair follicles, collagen, sweat glands, lymph vessels, elastic fibers, blood vessels and fibroblasts. The dermis is responsible for the mechanical tightness of our skin and it is the place where our hair grows from

Destination Spa

Company that focuses exclusively on health enhancement, self-renewal, aesthetic and lifestyle improvements.

Diode Laser

Lumenis lightsheer is also known as the “Cadillac” of hair reduction. It can also be used for age spots, brown spots or laser other blemish removals. It’s also the primary laser for hair removal for skin types 3 – 5.


In addition to the permanent removal of unwanted hair, Electrolysis prevents ingrown hair and makes the skin feel smoother because it treats each hair follicle, individually.


The top layer of skin that protects Dermis. It’s made of mostly squamous cells and also keratinocytes, basal cells & melanocytes.


Red skin caused by capillary dilation, which is usually a temporary side effect of laser hair removal.


A procedure that can either be used to remove ingrown hair, cysts or just the top layer of dead skin cells off of the face or body. Typically medical spas exfoliate with Ultrasound skin scubbers, Microneedling, Peels, Microdermabrasions or Scrubs with sugar, salt, grape or clay.

Female Facial Hair

One statistic shows that in the US alone, 42 percent of women remove undesirable facial hair every 6 months. This can be either hereditary or as a side effect of “hirsutism.”


Important consideration in Energy level, that is measured in Joules.

Hair Follicles

Tunnels of cells located in the Dermis. Hair is created by clumping these cells together. These tunnels of cells are disarmed without any side effects during the process of laser hair removal.

Hair Removal Cream (depilatories)

A cream or solution product for the purpose of removing unsightly body hair.

Herpes Simplex virus I or II

If hair removal is in the area of previous outbreaks, it is possible that the heat from the laser will cause a flare up of the herpes virus, so they will need to take a prescription antiviral medication for several days both before and after the treatment. If an outbreak is active it is important to reschedule.


(The medical term for excessive body hair) can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition. Such conditions are generally hormone related, e.g. polycystic ovarian syndrome. The first port of call if you have excessive body hair should be to your General Practitioner, to discuss the problem and rule out any underlying health problems, which could be causing problems, such as female facial hair (usually around the mustache or beard area) that grows like mens hair pattern. There are a lot of factors that contribute (genetics, hormones)


A common skin condition where patches of skin that appear darker in color than the surrounding skin. Can be caused by medications, genetics, scarring but usually it is excess sun exposure.


Loss of skin color in areas of skin that look like they are lacking pigment; can be caused by surgery, sun damage (even a delayed result years later), burns or skin cancer. It is caused by melanocyte and melanin depletion.


Condition in which a person has abnormal hair patterns, usually hair loss or reduction. It usually occurs when vellus hair grows opposed to terminal hair.

Joule (J/cm2)

Energy unit that describes the rate of the delivery of energy. (watt/second)


A focused intense light/radiation beam. The laser is an optical cavity composed of crystals, liquids, glass, dye or gas with mirrors on the edges. They work in ultraviolet, infrared and visible areas of the optical spectrum. We use two different types of lasers: the continuous wave lasers (create continuous light beams) and pulsed lasers (create light in short pulses).

Laser Attachments

Accessories for lasers including Q-switches and optical components that are used for control treatment levels and energy.

Laser Circles

These are blemishes that can appear on treating tan skin (or bronzers) with lasers. If your skin is too tanned, we may have to wait until the tan fades to avoid the development of laser circles or reduce risk of burned skin.

Laser Cosmetic Enhancement

Non surgical and non invasive use of lasers to remove pigmentation, birthmarks, freckles, wrinkles, fine lines, crows feet, sun and age spots, spider and varicose veins, to restore and smooth undesirable skin.

Laser Hair Removal

Using lasers to remove unwanted hair by stopping the hair producing activity beneath the skin (on the hair follicle). Today, laser hair removal is the most popular and painless way to remove unwanted hair almost anywhere on the body.

Laser Pulse

Eruption of laser energy that achieves power to perform desired result.

Micro needling
Is a simple, safe, effective procedure of hollow or small solid needles that cause controlled therapeutic holes for skin rejuvenation and a growing list of applications.

Melanin Pigment

A substance or pigment that gives color to the skin, which is created by organic epidermal cells or “melanocytes.” Moles and darker skin tones have more melanin in them.


Specific epidermal cells which create melanin liable for the amount of color in your freckles, moles, birthmarks and overall skin. The lighter your skin, the less melanin; the darker your skin, the more melanin.

Multiple treatments

Countless researches have proven that multiple treatments are more effect and better for long term hair removal. Researchers suggest that patients spread their treatments out four to six weeks apart.

Nd Yag Laser

Solid lasers that act as a medium to create 1064 nm wavelength. Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (named from Neodymium) is a synthetic crystal.

Perifollicular Edema

Swelling caused by fluid assembling in the area where the hair begins to grow. Although rare, it can be a mild, short-term side effect of Laser Hair Removal. It usually disperses within a few hours.

Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)

Treatment using photosensitizing drugs and light therapy to kill cells. Also known as phototherapy, photoradiation or photochemotherapy. Used to treat acne.

Photosensitive Medications

Medications that can cause a reaction that is similar to a sunburn. Photosensitivity (sun sensitivity) is the inflammation of the skin activated by sunlight or medications. It causes redness which may look like a sunburn.

Pseudo Folliculitis Barbae

Getting laser hair reduction can help this uncomfortable inflammation that you may experience from shaving. More commonly known as razor bumps, they usually appear on the face for men and legs for women. The pain is more severe on the face because of the sensitivity of the area. Many people who experience this condition resort to laser hair removal for a more permanent fix.

Pulse Duration or Pulse Length

The total time energy is delivered from a laser (fraction of second). Measured in milli-seconds, nano-seconds or micro-seconds, it’s the time in which the pulsed/diode laser is turned on.

Pulse Frequency (Hertz “Hz.”)

Speed/Rate that laser pulses are achieved. Communicated through pulses per fraction of a second and treats many hairs at once,


It is an important consideration and has been researched that longer pulse width can be more effective with fewer side effects for dark skin tones/types.

Razor bumps

Resulted from shaving, razor bumps occur from inflammation of hair follicles. See

“Pseudofolliculitis Barbae.”

Relaxation time

The specific delay between laser pulses after 2-3 pulses have been shot at the same target.

Repetition rate

Number of pulses per second by a Diode/Q-switch laser, has a cumulative effect, based on thermal relaxation time. Timing 1-3 pulses at the same target, with specific delay can cause improved results in treating the area.


Dermal filler based with hyaluronic acid that removes facial wrinkles and adds volume to lips or cheeks. Restylane Silk, Restylane Lyft are similar products with different thicknesses.

Ruby Laser

One of the first lasers, it used sapphire crystals with small amounts of chromium oxide.

A non-surgical, natural treatment to restore collagen, or lost volume with age to create younger look. Sculptra is a substance that occurs naturally in the body, it is fully absorbed and no occurrence of allergic reaction has been reported.

Short term condition

condition that can last a short time period, usually goes away on its own.

Spot size

The spot size or laser beam width affects the success of the procedure. It’s said that the best beam is approximately 4 times as wide as the target area.

We have MANY options to choose from, so our Lasers can have a square, rectangle or round spot size (to BEST CONTOUR to the sensitive areas we treat).


Fractionated (or fractional) bi-polar radio frequency technology that places heat energy effectively into upper dermis with minimal epidermal disruption, where it produces significant increased elastin and collagen.


Treatment consists of elōs combination of effective levels of bi-polar radio frequency, laser, infrared, and visible light energies to reach deep dermal layers of skin and stimulate collagen growth.

Tanning products (or fake tanning products)
Such as self-tanners, bronzers or other makeup (foundation) on the area to be treated can cause burning.

Terminal hair

Pigmented, long, unwanted hairs that are found on the arms, legs, torso, scalp, pubic region, beard, face and underarms. For example, women may have coarse hair on their face or men may have dark hair on their chest. Timing of treatment is important because of the 3 stages of hair growth, it works best when they are in this stage.

Tria or No No laser hair removal

An FDA approved, low-powered laser for hair removal made for home use. This device can only be used on large areas and takes an ample amount of time.


Cream that’s prescribed to women to slow down the growth of facial hair. We do not suggest this method as laser hair removal is quicker and a permanent solution.

Vellus hair

Hair that is soft, short, fine and non-colored “peach fuzz” which cannot be treated well by lasers.

Yag 1064nm Laser

Laser used for dark brown and black thick hair and is most preferred laser wavelength for darker skin types.


Hair removal process that involves the application of warm wax with a strip of cloth, then quickly removed from the skin to remove unwanted hair.

Call now for any additional information: 724 987 3221

Looking for other definitions? Check out our other glossary referral sources.


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